One of the most aggressive forms of this activity began with the US Patriot Act of October 2001, which laid the foundation for an unprecedented mass surveillance apparatus that extends beyond American borders. Meanwhile, companies such as Google and Facebook have created multi-billion dollar business models from selling and collecting user data. In this context, surveillance, localization and mining of data across the Internet seems inevitable.
Fortunately, there is an oncoming movement that seeks to use strong cryptography to maximize privacy and security. In response to revelations provided by people like Edward Snowden and Julian Assange, Internet users have become more experienced and inclined to use applications that do not track them and do not associate their browsing activity with their identity.
Not so long ago, Google seemed like the ubiquitous hippo that no one can compete with. But in recent years, we have seen DuckDuckGo take on the task of replacing Google search with privacy and anonymity, ProtonMail has become a serious contender for Gmail, offering end-to-end encryption, the Tor browser has become easy to use, like Chrome and an instant messenger app. Open source, Signal has become the standard in a confidential communication.
And there is Graphite, a service that tries to use two Orwellian data mining tools that can be found in Google Suite: Docs and Drive. Offering custom encryption keys and a collaboration system that protects against unwanted intrusions, groups of people and companies can manage their documents and work on team projects with more privacy.